In 2010 article, Steven High describes fabled mill history binder of Sturgeon Falls

Sturgeon Fall is a town of 6,000 located between Sudbury and North Bay in Northern Ontario.

Steven High’s article, “Placing the displaced worker: Narrating place in deindustrializing Sturgeon Falls, Ontario,” is published in Home, Work, and Play: Situating Canadian Social History (2010).

Steven High is professor of History at Concordia University and a founding member of the Centre for Oral History and Digital Storytelling.

Among other studies, he is also co-author of Corporate Wasteland: The Landscape and Memory of Deindustrialization (2007).

I first encountered the article about Sturgeon Falls when I read the originally-published version in Placing Memory and Remembering Place in Canada (2010). The latter version of the article includes photographs.

Mill history binder

In the article Steven Hill describes a binder put together by two worker-historians from a Sturgeon Falls corrugated paper mill that was closed in December 2002.

At the time of the mill’s closing, High was teaching history at Nipissing University in North Bay. At a time when efforts to reopen the paper mill were underway, he began to interview workers for a research project about the closure.

A local resident who helped with the research project in the early days told High about a mill history binder – “the largest binder he had ever seen. He also told me that everyone he approached to be interviewed told him to first talk to Bruce [Colquhoun], one of its compilers (p. 235).” High subsequently met Calquhoun at the Action Centre, a job assistance centre operated by the paper workers union for the former mill workers.

“Bruce Colquhoun and the others treated the mill history binder as a sacred text or shrine to the mill: their voices lowered to a whisper and Bruce turned the pages with loving care. I instinctively did the same, as it was immediately apparent to me that this binder meant a great deal to these men.”

In a note, the writer adds: “It mattered to me too. I never came across anything quite like it in 15 years of research into mill and factory closings.”

Place attachment

“It was like a giant memory book, with clippings of old news stories, photographs, and photocopied material on the mill found in the old Abitibi Magazine,”  notes High.

“Over the next two hours, Bruce told me stories as he slowly turned the pages. A soft-spoken man, Bruce noted that the mill factory binder was treasured by the mill workers and their families.

“He related how he would sometimes get requests to borrow the binder to show a visiting family member or a grandchild. Sometimes former mill workers just wanted to revisit their old lives inside the mill.”

High notes that the binder can be read as “a deep expression of place attachment.” He notes that professional historians sometimes look down on ‘amateur’ historians, because they usually do not have graduate degrees in history and are said to produce “flawed research that is sentimental, celebratory, excessively detailed, or lacking in analysis.”

Steve High notes (p. 235) that that the binder could indeed be criticized on any of thee accounts – yet to do so “would be to ignore what it is: a storehouse of memories from and for a workplace community that was shattered by a decision taken far-away. How displaced workers related to this memory book in the months and years following the closure tell us a great deal about the hold that the mill had on them.”

Kinship ties

The binder was first put together by Hubert Gervais in 1995, updated in 1998 for the mill’s centennial, and subsequently revised by Bruce Colquhoun, whose father and grandfather had worked at the mill before him. “I worked [there] for 29 years,” in Colquhoun’s words. “My dad worked there for 41 years. My grandfather worked there.”

As the article notes, a web of kinship ties connected many of the mill employees together, and family memories of the mill often went back generations.

The full-length article version of the article, with photos, appears in Placing memory and remembering place in Canada (2010). The book, along with the other one cited in this blog post, is available at the Toronto Public Library.


In the Introduction to Not Hollywood: Independent Film at the Twilight of the American Dream (2013), Sherry B. Ortner provides a valuable overview of deindustrialization and related topics.

A Jan. 18, 2015 CBC article is entitled: “Iroquois Falls latest casualty of changing Northern Ontario economy: Town scrambles for ideas to replace lost jobs.”

A May 4, 2015 CBC The Current article is entitled: “‘Second Machine Age’ author says machines are taking over humans.”

A March 16, 2016 CBC The Current article is entitled: “It’s not bigotry but bad trade deals driving Trump voters, says author Thomas Frank.

A subsequent post, featuring a photo from Barb Kollar (please see comments at the end of the current post), is entitled:

Barb Kollar seeks photos from fabled mill history binder of Sturgeon Falls; she has shared photo of her Grandfather, a manager at the mill

7 replies
  1. Louise Freimanis
    Louise Freimanis says:

    I do not know if I have the right place where I would like to send in inquiry, but would you know where I could get a picture that was put in one of the Abitibi magazines back in 1958 to 1960 in Sturgeon Falls, ON.

  2. Jaan Pill
    Jaan Pill says:


    Your question has prompted me to visit Steven High’s website at Concord University.

    His email is

    I believe that Steven High would likely be able to help you to track down the information that you are looking for.

    Please let me know, in the event I can help you further, to ensure that you are able to find the picture that you are interested in.

  3. Bruce Colquhoun
    Bruce Colquhoun says:

    Hi Louise, I’m Bruce Colquhoun and am the owner of the above mentioned binder. If you tell me exactly what you are looking for, I’ll check the binder to see if I can find it. If you do email me, please put “mill binder” as the subject. I hope I can help you.


  4. Barb Kollar
    Barb Kollar says:

    Interested in history and photos! My Grandad was a manager of a mill in Sturgeon Falls. Florence “Frank” Sullivan. I think it was the Abitibi Mill. I recently found a photo of him at an office desk, a retirement photo?


Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *