Video-based analysis of bullying and violence: Marjorie Harness Goodwin (2006) and Randall Collins (2008)
As I have noted in previous posts, I have an interest in Marjorie H. Goodwin’s linguistic anthropological analysis of the day-to-day lives of elementary students. Her use of video recordings strikes me as a major advance over reliance on surveys and the like, for such research.
I have, as well, previously posted an overview of work by Randall Collins addressing the sociology of philosophies.
Another study by Randall Collins – Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory (2008) – is also of interest. His approach parallels Goodwin’s analysis of school-based cliques. Analysis of video recording serves as a key feature of Collins’ approach to the study of violence.
A major point of the video-based approaches adopted by Goodwin and Collin is that if you seek to work with evidence, a good strategy is to get hold of the best, most closely-observed evidence that is available.
“In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers – not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists – violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule – regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations.
“Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, and ethnography to examine violent situations up close as they actually happen – and his conclusions will surprise you.
“Violence comes neither easily nor automatically. Antagonists are by nature tense and fearful, and their confrontational anxieties put up a powerful emotional barrier against violence. Collins guides readers into the very real and disturbing worlds of human discord – from domestic abuse and schoolyard bullying to muggings, violent sports, and armed conflicts.
“He reveals how the fog of war pervades all violent encounters, limiting people mostly to bluster and bluff, and making violence, when it does occur, largely incompetent, often injuring someone other than its intended target. Collins shows how violence can be triggered only when pathways around this emotional barrier are presented. He explains why violence typically comes in the form of atrocities against the weak, ritualized exhibitions before audiences, or clandestine acts of terrorism and murder – and why a small number of individuals are competent at violence.
“Violence overturns standard views about the root causes of violence and offers solutions for confronting it in the future.
[End of blurb]
A March 6, 2016 CBC article is entitled: “René Girard’s theories still explain the violence all around us: French-born scholar spent his career trying to understand what what makes violence a chronic problem.”