Petrunik, M. & Klassen, R. T. (2003). A Sociological Analysis of Stuttering and Stigma: From Clinical Conceptions to Self-Help/Mutual Aid/Advocacy [Unpublished paper]
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As a next step, I will post the entire text below. For now, I share the opening paragraph of the paper:
Conceptions to Self-Help/Mutual Aid/Advocacy
Michael Petrunik and Thomas R. Klassen
With the exception of sporadic and disconnected writings (Lemert, 1951, 1970; Petrunik, 1982, 1983, 1988, 2000; Klassen, 1995) stuttering has not been systematically or extensively examined from a sociological perspective. In this paper, we use a sociological (symbolic interactionist/social constructionist) perspective to analyze the development of the stuttering self-help/mutual aid/advocacy movement that persons who stutter have developed to deal with the problems they experience in everyday life. In particular, we study the differences in the perspectives on deviance and social problems of professional experts and those experiencing a condition (Scott, 1970; Gusfield 1996; Loseke, 1999; Fox, 2002). By comparing the conceptions of stuttering and persons who stutter and approaches to stuttering management in the two approaches, we aim not only to present fresh insights to professionals working with fluency disorders, but also, by looking at a phenomenon that has been largely ignored by sociologists, to make a contribution to the study of deviance and social problems.